IYears ago in the early days of the airport's operation, gravel pits on the site of the present airport were filled with all sorts of materials, resulting in lots of old waste deposits. When the building of the new terminal was being planned in 1998, the airport company commissioned utilisation research and a primary appraisal for the site. In order to be able to evaluate the situation regarding the old environmental damage against the background of the history of the airport's use and development, aerial photographs, topographical maps and documents were examined, inspections carried out and contemporary witnesses interviewed. It was thus possible to draw up a plan to deal with the old environmental damage, based on the information given about the areas affected and the nature of the respective contamination.
In the case of major building projects involving intervention deep underground, additional so-called field investigations are carried out, whereby soil samples are taken and analysed against specified chemical parameters. The results of the investigation give a precise indication of how likely it is that the site tested will contain toxic materials, and they help planning appropriate means of disposing of the waste. Where necessary, contaminated excavated soil is kept at a storage area long enough for the results of a chemical analysis to become available and a means of disposal found. All the relevant findings and processes are documented and made available to the supervisory body.